What is aphasia?
Aphasia is a disorder that affects communication. This often results in an inability or difficulty speaking or forming sentences. Some people have also been known to also have difficulties with other tasks such as reading, writing, and listening to others. It should be noted that aphasia does not make a person less intelligent, however they will have difficulties expressing their thoughts.
What are the symptoms of aphasia?
Someone suffering from aphasia may speak in very small groups of words and not be able to complete their sentences. Aphasia may also cause someone to use one word in the place of another word, which can be confusing for someone who is listening. They may also just say words that aren’t actually real, “gibberish” so to speak. People who suffer from aphasia may also write sentences that don’t make sense.
All of these things together make it very difficult to speak or even try to communicate with someone who has aphasia since almost any form of communication they might have can be affected.
What causes aphasia?
Aphasia occurs when someone receives damage to the communication part of their brain. The majority of the part of the brain that controls communication is on the left side of the brain, meaning aphasia is cost commonly caused by damage to the left side. Aphasia is commonly caused after a stroke which can cause damage to someone’s brain, but any disease that has anything to do with the brain can cause aphasia as well.
Are there any treatments for aphasia?
Like most disorders, there is a very large variety of different types of aphasia that can occur and to varying degrees of severity. Treatment is specific to each person who has aphasia and you should consult their doctor about the correct treatment for them.
How can I better communicate with someone who has aphasia?
When communication is difficult between you and someone with aphasia, there are a few steps you can take to be able to communicate more effectively. While communicating, make sure you have the person’s full attention before you being to speak with them, this means that you should get and keep eye contact. Try not to talk to the person with aphasia as though they were a child. Remember, their brains still function well and they are able to comprehend complicated thoughts. You might want to speak slower, however you do not need to speak louder unless the person is having trouble hearing you.
A good tip for asking someone with aphasia a question is to try and ask simple questions. For instance, questions with yes or no answers.
The best way to keep someone’s communication skills is to practice them often. Try to talk to the person with aphasia everyday, and have meaningful conversation with them. Try to go places with them as well so that they can interact with more people.
Aphasia doesn’t have to end someone’s social life; however, you will have to make changes to the way you communicate. Work with the person to improve and better understand their communication skills so aphasia doesn’t have to affect their lives as severely as it may seem.